Skip to main contentSkip to sub menu
  • Four Seasons
  • Trees and Flowers
  • Stone Figures

HOME > Hee Won > Trees and Flowers

  • Korean pasque flower (Pulsatilla koreana)

    Korean pasque flower (Pulsatilla koreana) This plant has a claret flower that blooms in April in spring and its pendent flower faces downward at the end of its scaposeof 30-40 centimeter in length. Korean pasque flower is also known as ‘Hal-mi-kkot’ which can be translated into ‘Grandmother flower’ since its seed with white pubescent resembles the grey hair of an elderly woman. A legend tells the soul of a grandmother who fainted and died on the way to her daughter’s house was sublimated into this flower at a ravine. After its petals fall, its seed head with white downy hair can be seen, and thus it is also known as ‘Back-du-ohng(白豆翁)’ which means an elderly man with white head since it looks like an old man with grey hair.

  • Spotted bellflower (Campanula punctata)

    Spotted bellflower (Campanula punctata) Spotted bellfower, also known as ‘Chorong kkot,’ which means ‘Lantern Flower’ in Korea, is a wild perennial herb that is distributed in the mountains throughout Korea. The plant naturally grows in fertile soils under full sun or partial shade. Its height is 40-100 centimeters and its leaves are 5-8 centimeters in length with irregular and blunt serrated margins. Basal leaves have long stems and those on flowering stems are without petioles and heart-shaped. The flower has spots on the inner sides of its white or pale pink petals. Its botanical name is Campanula punctata, and the term ‘Campanula’ means a bell. All the plants in the Bellflower family have bell-shaped flowers. Among various kinds of spotted bellflower ‘Seon-chorong’ and ‘Geumgang-chorong’ are grows only in Korea. It symbolizes ‘earnestness’.

  • Daylily (Hemerocallis)

    Daylily (Hemerocallis) A daylily is a perennial plant of the Lily family. It is also known as ‘Neom-namul’ in Korea. It grows to about 1 meter tall. It has conical-shaped thickened roots spread out in all directions. The flowers bloom in July to August and have orange-color petals. It grows naturally in Korea. There are many kinds of daylily: gaksi-daylily, yellow-daylily, seom-daylily, baby-daylily, etc. Its roots are used for making tisanes, and its soft leaves in spring are edible and used in Korean cuisine. It thrives in full sun.

  • Red spider lily (Lycoris radiata)

    Red spider lily (Lycoris radiata) A red spider lily is a perennial plant of the Amaryllidacease family. Due to the legendary tale associated with the flower, it is also called ‘lovesickness flower,’ and another name for it is ‘Kkot-mu-reut (flower group)’ because they grow in groups at the foot of a mountain or grassy fields. It flowers in 4-5 large red umbels on stems in September and October. It has 7-8 centimeter long projecting stamens. Its bulbs are known to have detoxifying effects, but its round roots are very poisonous.

  • Thyme flower (Thymus quinquecostatus)

    Thyme flower (Thymus quinquecostatus) This species of thyme shrub is called ‘Baek-ri-hyang (scent felt miles away)’ in Korea because its aroma is very fragrant and strong. This deciduous shrub can grow well also in cold regions such as the high mountains of Korea. It is 7-12 centimeter tall and opposite leaves, which are egg-shaped. It flowers with light purple petals thickly at its upper part. It gives tiny dark brown fruits whose diameters are 1 millimeter in September and October. Almost all parts of this shrub including flowers are used for medicinal purposes.

  • Chinese astilbe (Astilbe chinensis)

    Chinese astilbe (Astilbe chinensis) The Chinese astilbe is a perennial herbaceous plant in the Saxifrage family of Rosales.In Korea it is known as ‘noh-roo-oh-joom (roe deer’s urine)’ because its roots smell like it.In Its generic name, ‘Astilbe’, ‘  ’ means ‘without’ in Greek and ‘stillbe’ ‘showiness or brilliant,’ and it well describes its misty flowers without petals.Its flowers are borne in early summer. The meaning of the flower is ‘unpromised love’. Every part of the plant is used as a tisane.

  • Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)

    Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) This plant is an aquatic perennial. From the roots long petioles and stalks rise and the leaves and flowers are found well above the water surface.A single pale pink or white bloom flowers at the end of the stalk in July and August. Although it is an aquatic plant, its pollination is done with the help of wind or insects as in the cases of terrestrial plants. Lotus rhizomes, seed heads and leaves all are used for tisanes. Since lotuses flower graceful blooms while growing in the muddy soils, designs of lotuses are frequently used in Buddhist art and in the depiction of the dignity of a learned man or as auspicious symbols.

  • Korean starwort (Aster koraiensis)

    Korean starwort (Aster koraiensis) The Korean starwart grows in swampy places and is endemic to South Korea. It constantly blooms from early summer to autumn.Among similar plants are Aster tatacicus, Aster tripolium, and Aster maackii Regel. Its appearance is not that different from Kalimeris or Aster tatacicus, yet it is more lustrous and plumper.It prefers marshy soil, but its cultivation does not require particularly specific conditions as it is not easily damaged by disease and insects and is prolific. Its roots and rhizomes are gathered and dried to be used for medicinal purposes. The meaning of the flower is ‘Refreshing purity;.

  • Japanese apricot tree (Prunus mume)

    Japanese apricot tree (Prunus mume) This tree grows to 5-6 meters tall. In the middle regions of Korea, it flowers white or light pink blooms in April before coming into leaves.Its yellow fruits ripen in July. Its flowers and fruits are used for medicinal purposes since they are effective in the relaxation and detoxification of both body and mind.Since together with pine and bamboo trees, this tree stay healthy throughout the winter and their formations are of ethereal elegance, these trees are often described as ‘Three friends of winter’ and appear in many craftworks and paintings while symbolizing the integrity of man of virtue.

  • Peony (Paeonia)

    Peony (Paeonia) Peony is called ‘mo-ran (牡丹)’ in Korea since the Chinese letter ‘丹’ means ‘red’ referring to the red color of its blossom and ‘牡’ means ‘male’ referring to the fact that the bud comes out from its thick root although it produces seeds. It is also known as ‘Mok-dan (목단)’ or ‘Jak-yak (작약),’ yet mok-dan is a tree and jak-yak with similarly shaped blossoms is a plant. It has been known that peonies were introduced to Korea during the reign of King Jinpyeong of Shilla. It is used for medicinal purposes. As a symbol of wealth, its image was often incorporated into the paintings of libraries and used as embroidery patterns for the dresses of queens and princesses

  • Korean Winter Hazel (Corylopsis gotoana var. coreana)

    Korean Winter Hazel (Corylopsis gotoana var. coreana) The Korean winter hazel is distributed in Mt. Jiri National Park, Jeonranam-do Province and the middle regions of Korea.Its yellowish green blossoms are flowered in March and April. Since it flowers in the earliest days of the year among the trees native to Korea, its meaning is ‘Song of spring’. It grows to 2-4 meters tall. Its heart-shaped leaves have wave-like and pointed serrated margins. Its leaves come out after it flowers.Due to the beeswax-like texture of the leaves, it is also known as ‘Joseon wax flower’ or ‘Songkwang wax flower’. It is one of the protected trees of Korea as it is endemic to Korea.

  • Chinese trumpet vine (Campsis grandiflora)

    Chinese trumpet vine (Campsis grandiflora) The Chinese trumpet vine blossoms come out at the end of its stem in a conical inflorescence of 5 to 15 flowers from late June to late August.The diameter of an orange blossom is 6-8 centimeters. The 3-centimeter calyx divides into 5 parts whose ends are pointed.Since this creeper growing on walls or other trees was used for the coronet given to those who won the first place in the civil service examination, it is also called ‘Royal emissary flower’. Also, it has been said that it was allowed to be planted only in the houses of Yangban (nobles of dynastic Korea), and this is the reason that it is also known as ‘Yangban flower’.

  • Korean Abelialeaf (Abeliophyllum)

    Korean Abelialeaf (Abeliophyllum) This tree is called ‘Meeseon (a kind of folding fans in Korea)’ tree due to its folding fan-shaped fruits. The tree is a member of the family Oleaceae and is endemic to Korea.It prefers barren, yet unpolluted places such as areas of limestone and stony areas and can be easily found in Jincheon, Goesan and Youngdong in Choongcheongbuk-do Province, Mt. Bukhan, and Byeonsan in Jeollabuk-do Province. The most dominant kind of it is white forsythia with white flowers. It is classified into different kinds in accordance with the colors and shapes of the flowers: Pink meeseon, ivory meeseon, blue meeseon and round meeseon. The symbolic meaning of it is ‘Celestial maiden’.

  • Common crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)

    Common crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) The common crape myrtle is also called ‘Zinnia tree (one hundred days tree)’ since its flowers last long and ‘Ticklish tree’ since its leaves move when its bark is scraped with hands. The common crape myrtle is a member of the Loosestrife family, but the zinnia is an annual plant of the Asteroideae family. The common crape myrtle has smooth and slippery cinnamon bark and the oval-shaped leaves have shiny fronts and the veins on their backs are with hairs. Its red flowers come out in summer from July to September. The ones with white flowers are called ‘Lagerstroemia indica forma alba’. The meaning of the common crape myrtle is ‘Missing the friend who had left’.

  • Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia)

    Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia) The Chinese quince is called ‘Mogwa’ in Korea. In Korea, people say that mogwa fruits are disgrace to fruits since they are not that pretty, but it has a very fragrant scent. It is used for medicine for coughing as well as for making teas or liquors. Its wood is of red color and high density, and thus it was used for making red chests. Its pale pink blossoms flower in May. The Chinese quince tree in the Museum has long been stood at the entrance of the Museum while still bears bountifully.

  • King cherry tree (Prunus yedoensis)

    King cherry tree (Prunus yedoensis) It is named such to distinguish it from other cherry trees because of its abundance of luxuriant flowers. It is endemic to Korea while growing naturally in Mt. Hanra in Jeju Island and Mt. Daedoon in Haenam. It is sensitive to pollution, disease and harmful insects, yet endures severe cold while allowing its planting anywhere throughout Korea. It flowers in April and fruits in June and July. Its gray and smooth bark peels off sideways and can be used for medicine.

Previous list


Next list